Saragarhi The Battle where 21 Sikh solders stood against 10000 Afghans

Saragarhi The battle where 21 Sikh solders stood against 10000 Afghans

Battle of Saragarhi

Saragarhi  Sikh Battle

Here is the story of bravery and pride stands in history of India. 21 Sikh shoulders of 36th Sikh regiment of British indian  army now 4th battalion of sikh regiment of Indian Army were stood against 10000 Pashtun tribes of Afghans at North-Western Frontier Provience, now Pakhtunkhwa in Pakistan. The Sikhs, led by Havildar Ishar Singh on  12th September 1897.

The British kept an eye on a progression of posts along the Hindu Kush ranges. These posts were initially developed by the Sikh Emperor Maharaja Ranjit Singh amid his Western battle. After the decay of the Sikh realm these posts were assumed control by the British for a similar reason. Saragarhi was a correspondence hand-off post between Fort Lockhart and Fort Gulistan (otherwise called Fort Cavagnari) in the Sulaiman Range of the NWFP. Since Fort Lockhart and Fort Gulistan were not in a visual observable pathway because of topographical qualities a halfway heliograph correspondence post was worked at Saragarhi. Heliography is a correspondence system utilized by reflecting daylight with a mirror and transmitting it through coded messages. Saragarhi was fundamental in guaranteeing the survival of these two posts and the resistance of the area. Saragarhi comprised of a little square house with circle holed defenses and a flagging pinnacle.

On That Criticle Morning Havildar Ishar Singh looked through his binocular from the watch tower of his post, Saw massive group of Pathans coming towards there post. Signal person sepoy Gurmukh Singh went up signalling tower to set up his heliograph and began to signal to Lockhart Fort about there position.  Lt Col Haughton, commanding officer of this 36th Sikhs, attemps to send them backup but it’s toolate. As the enemies destroyed the supply roots between this two forts Lockhart and Saragahi the Haughton is still watching the situation from the other post as the enemy troupe coming closer to Saragahi.

Havildar Ishar sing called all his men to seek there consultation where to hold or abandon there post but the brave Sikhs agreed to hold the position. Ishar Singh understood this terrain very well especially the fighting ability of Pathans. The 303 caliber was deadly  and a Beast at short distance range to shoot. Ishar singh helds his order to fire until the enemy closes to 250 mts.  Which had a great start from the Sikhs team to counter Pathans. In the meantime Tribesmen started attacking from multiple sides of the cost one troop started attacking on the main gate and others of the gaps of the Fort. Ishar Singh along with his troop started his battle cry “Jo Boley So Nihaal! Sat Sri Akaal”.

The Sikhs ammunition’s were coming to end and the team of 21 laid to 10. The battle went from 9 to 12 hrs but still Havildar Ishan singh still leading his battle.In between this Signal men Gurmukh singh signal to Haughton for requesting of ammunition’s for the trapped one.  These Brave Sikhs continuing there battle with no fear in there faces though the enemy troops are increasing in number and coming towards them in great number. The Tribal troop set fire to the bushes around the fort of Saragarhi making impossible for Sikh people to see there enemy’s . But Col  Haughton can clearly see the enemy’s entering in to the Fort which he signal to the people in the Fort. Havildar Ishan Singh orders four  people to go back to inner wall of the fort and asks the two people to come with him to defense at the main wall which shows the great leadership quality.

Picture of Saragarhi

By the time Enemies entered the inner wall the Sikhs were out of there ammunition’s and they formed positions a circle like positions facing enemies  Hand-Hand and signal person Gurmuk singh took his permission to join his group to help them against tribes. He was just 19 and took almost 20 tribes until his last fall, Around 600 bodies  were found near  Saragarhi.

Impact of the Battle

Queen Victoria in 1897  British Parliament  was heard saying “ it is no exaggeration to record that the armies which possess the valiant Sikhs cannot face defeat in War 21 VS 10,000”. To the last man to the last round.

Saragarhi Day

Saragarhi Day, is a Sikh military recognition day celebrated on 12 September consistently to honor The Battle of Saragarhi. Sikh military work force and Sikh non-military individuals celebrate the fight far and wide consistently on 12 September. All units of the Sikh Regiment observe Saragarhi Day consistently as the Regimental Battle Honors Day.


United Nations Educational , Science and Cultural Organisation recorded this Brave incident of 21 Sikh in the collection of list of “8 stories of collective bravery in the history of mankind”.


All the 21 Brave Solders who laid down there lives in the battle of Saragarhi are awarded Indian Order of Merit which is the highest at that time.

Names  of the 21 Brave Soldiers
  1. Havildar Ishar Singh (165)
  2. Naik Lal Singh (332)
  3. Lance Naik Chanda Singh (546)
  4. Sepoy Sundar Singh (1321)
  5. Sepoy Ram Singh (287)
  6. Sepoy Uttar Singh (492)
  7. Sepoy Sahib Singh (182)
  8. Sepoy Hira Singh (359)
  9. Sepoy Daya Singh (687)
  10. Sepoy Jivan Singh (760)
  11. Sepoy Bhola Singh (791)
  12. Sepoy Narayan Singh (834)
  13.  Sepoy Gurmukh Singh (814)
  14. Sepoy Jivan Singh (871)
  15. Sepoy Gurmukh Singh (1733)
  16. Sepoy Ram Singh (163)
  17. Sepoy Bhagwan Singh (1257)
  18. Sepoy Bhagwan Singh (1265)
  19. Sepoy Buta Singh (1556)
  20. Sepoy Jivan Singh (1651)
  21. Sepoy Nand Singh (1221)


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